AB template network
believes that there should be an objective boundary between finance and accounting, and the differences between finance and accounting are mainly reflected in the following aspects:
1. Different concepts. Finance is a decision-making system for the purchase, investment, financing and management of assets under certain overall objectives. Accounting uses currency as the main unit of measurement, and adopts special methods to perform complete, continuous, and systematic accounting and supervision of the unit's economic activities. It confirms, measures, records, and reports transactions or events, and provides relevant units' financial status and operations An economic management activity that includes information such as results and cash flows.
2. Different functions. The basic function of accounting is accounting and supervision, focusing on the reflection and supervision of funds. The basic functions of finance are forecasting, decision-making, planning and control, focusing on the organization, use and management of funds.
3. Different basis. The basis of accounting is the country's unified accounting system. The selection of specific accounting policies and accounting estimates is selected by the enterprise in accordance with the country's unified accounting policy and the actual situation of the enterprise. The basis of financial management is to the extent permitted by national policies and laws, according to the intention of the management authority. Units formulate internal financial management measures and enjoy independent financial management autonomy. Autonomous decision-making power.
4. Different time ranges are available. Accounting is oriented to the past and must be based on past transactions or events. It is to confirm and record past transactions or events. Finance is focused on the future and is based on certain assumptions. Based on the analysis of historical data and actual conditions and the prediction and judgment of future conditions, it focuses on the prediction and decision of the future. Whether or not an economic business or event should occur, and how much should occur, is a matter for financial consideration.